is an, businessman, investor, and philanthropist.his company, has invested in companies with interests in groceries, cigars,licorice, makeup, cars, photography, television, camping supplies, security, gaming, jewelry, banks, and comic book publishing. Perelman holds significant shares in companies such asAM General, Deluxe Entertainment,Revlon,Merisant, Scantron,Scientific Games Corporation,

Perelman is annually one of the worlds largest philanthropic donors. As of January 2019, Perelman is the 49th richest American, and 152nd-richest person in the world, with an estimated wealth of $9.4 billion.12In September 2017,Forbesmagazine named Perelman as one of the 100 Greatest Living Business Minds.13

Perelman was born inGreensboro, North Carolinaon January 1, 1943, the son of Ruth (ne Caplan) andRaymond G. Perelman.1415He was raised in aJewishfamily.16He managed with family members the American Paper Products Corporation. Raymond eventually left the company and bought Belmont Iron Works, a manufacturer of structural steel.17

Perelman attended high school atThe Haverford School, a private school inHaverford, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia.

From his father, Perelman learned the fundamentals of business.18By the time Ronald turned eleven years old he regularly sat in on board meetings of his fathers company. A 2006 article published in theForbes 400discusses their rough relationship in detail.1914

Perelman first attended Villanova Universitys School of Business (Fall, 1960), then attended theWharton Schoolof theUniversity of Pennsylvaniawhere he majored in business. He graduated in 1964 and completed his masters in 1966.20

Perelmans first major business deal took place in 1961 during his Freshman year at theWharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He and his father bought the Esslinger Brewery for $800,000, then sold it three years later for a $1 million profit.21

Throughout Perelmans tenure at the Belmont Iron Works (later renamed Belmont Industries) he assisted his father on other deals. Their general strategy was purchase a company, sell off superfluous divisions to reduce debt and generate profit, bring the company back to its core business, and either sell it or hang onto it for cash flow. In 1978, twelve years after Perelman formally joined Belmont Industries, he was the vice president but he still strove for more power and influence in the company. Raymond told him that he had no intention of stepping down anytime soon. Perelman resigned and moved to New York. The two barely spoke to one another for the next six years.22

He orchestrated the purchase of Cohen-Hatfield Jewelers in 1978, his first deal as an independent investor free of his fathers influence and took a loan from his wife, Faith Golding. Within a year, Perelman had sold all of the companys retail locations and reduced the company to its lucrative wholesale jewelry division, earning him $15 million.23

Perelman acquiredMacAndrews & Forbes, a distributor of licorice extract and chocolate. He faced resistance from the management and investors who filed an unsuccessful lawsuit to prevent the acquisition, but Perelman prevailed. In 1983, Perelman started selling bonds to acquire the remaining 66% stake in MacAndrews & Forbes Group Inc. to take MacAndrews & Forbes Group Inc. private.24

Also in 1983, MacAndrews had acquiredTechnicolor Inc.25Despite the bond debt, in 1984, MacAndrews & Forbes purchased Consolidated Cigar Holdings Ltd. fromGulf & Western Industries, in addition to Video Corporation of America.2627TheTechnicolor Inc.divisions were sold off and, in 1988, its core business was sold toCarlton Communicationsfor 6.5 times the purchase price. Using the proceeds from the Technicolor division sell off, MacAndrews & Forbes purchased a 20 percent stake in Compact Video Inc., a television and film syndication company. Ronald Perelmans controlling buyout ofCompact Videowas in 1986.

In 1989, Perelman acquired New World Entertainment, with David CharnaysFour Star Televisionbecoming a unit of Ronald PerelmansCompact Video, later that year. Ownership of Compact Video Inc. was increased to 40% in 1989 after the buyout ofFour Star International.282930After Compact shut down, its remaining assets, including Four Star, were folded intoMacAndrews and Forbes Incorporated. In 1989, Perelman also acquiredNew World Entertainmentwith Four Star becoming a division of New World as part of the transaction.Four Star Internationalwas purchased through agolden parachutedeal that was negotiated withDavid Charnayby Ronald Perelman after Charnay was notified of stock purchases made by Perelman in 1989.31By the end of 1989, MacAndrews refinanced the Holding companiesjunk bondsfor standard bank loans. The bulk ofNew Worldsfilm and home video holdings were sold in January 1990 to Trans-Atlantic Pictures, a newly formed production company founded by a consortium of former New World executives.32

His companyMacAndrews & Forbesbecame a holding company with interests in a diversified portfolio of public and private companies and was still wholly owned by Perelman, who served as its chairman and chief executive officer. MacAndrews & Forbess current holdings includeAM General,3334Deluxe,35Revlon,36Scientific Games,37SIGA Technologies38and VTV.39

He has also done deals withRevlon Corporation,40thriftsfor $315 million and renamed it First Gibraltar Bank,4142Coleman CompanySunbeam Products,43andNew World Entertainment.4445

On February 17, 2005, Perelman filed a lawsuit againstMorgan Stanley.46Two facts were at issue. Did Morgan Stanley know about the problems with Sunbeam and was Perelman misled?toneDuring the discovery phase, the judge became exasperated with what she perceived as deliberate stonewalling on the part of Morgan Stanley and ordered the jury to assume Morgan Stanley deliberately and knowingly defrauded Perelman.47Hobbled, Morgan Stanley had no choice but to argue that Perelman was too savvy an investor to have fallen for their transparent tricks.48After a five-week trial, the jury deliberated for two days, found in favor of Perelman, and awarded him $1.45 billion.49The damages stung particularly because Morgan Stanley passed up Perelmans offer to settle the case for $20 million.50Morgan Stanley maintained that the court case was improperly decided, citing the judges decision to use Florida law over New York law and her decision to order the jury to consider Morgan Stanley guilty before the trial began.51In 2007, the courts of appeal reversed the judgement. The judges declared Perelman hadnt provided any evidence showing hed suffered any actual damage as a result of Morgan Stanleys actions. Perelman appealed,52but found himself shot down by theFlorida Supreme Courtwho dismissed it in a 50 decision.53Undeterred even after that setback, Perelman went back to the trial court and asked for the case to be reopened because the hiding of email evidence was a classic example of fraud on the court. The trial court rejected his arguments, but as of January 2009, he is beseeching Floridas 4th Circuit to reopen the case.54

Through his company, MacAndrews & Forbes established the Revlon/UCLA Womens Cancer Research Program in 1994 for research into the causes and treatment of breast and ovarian cancer. The company also founded the Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology at NYU Medical Center. Over the years, MacAndrews & Forbes has also provided significant support for such organizations as the National Breast Cancer Coalition Fund, Carnegie Hall, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Hospital and Perelmans alma mater, The University of Pennsylvania.

In 2008, the Chronicle of Philanthropy listed Perelman as the 26th largest donor in the U.S. Perelman has also provided personal donations to educational institutions. In 1995, Perelman donated to Princeton University to create the Ronald O. Perelman Institute for Judaic Studies.5556Other notable donations include $20 million to the University of Pennsylvania for naming rights to the quadrangle,57$10 million toNew York Universityto create the Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology,58$4.7 million toPrinceton Universityto create the Ronald Perelman Institute for Jewish Studies,59and $20 million to theGuggenheim Museum.60In 2008, Perelman donated $63.5 million to causes including, but not limited to: Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Stand Up to Cancer (SU2C), World Trade Center Memorial Fund and Fords Theatre. Perelman pledged $25 million to Weill Medical College, in New York, to support research, education, and patient care at the Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine. Perelman also pledged $15 million to Stand Up to Cancer, a Pasadena, Calif., organization that supports cancer research and efforts to advance treatment for cancer patients; $5-million to the World Trade Center Memorial Fund, in New York; and $2.5 million to Fords Theatre, in Washington.

In 2006, Perelman donated over $60 million to various charitable groups and causes includingCarnegie Halland theWorld Trade Center Memorial.61

In February 2008, Perelman made a $50 million donation to the New York Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical Center to create theRonald O. Perelman Heart Institute, and to provide vital financial aid to the Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine.6263

Perelman also gave a total of $16 million to 581 nonprofit organizations, including Big Brothers Big Sisters, in Philadelphia; the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinsons Research, in New York; the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, in Baltimore; the Rainforest Foundation U.S., in New York; and other arts, education, Jewish, medical research, and womens-health groups. Perelman serves as a member of the Board of Directors of thePolice Athletic League of New York City, a nonprofit youth development agency serving inner-city children and teenagers. On June 3, 2011, Perelman was honored for his charitable contributions at the New York Police Foundations 40th Anniversary Gala64at the Waldorf Astoria in New York Cityan event that raised $2.3 million for charity.

In August 2010, Perelman signed the Giving Pledge, committing up to half his assets to be designated for the benefit of charitable causes (after his family and children have been provided for).citation needed

In 2013, Perelman donated $50 million to the NYU Langone Medical Center to create the Ronald O. Perelman Center for Emergency Services.65

In 2013, Perelman donated $25 million to the University of Pennsylvania to create a new Center for its Economics and Political Science Departments.6667

In May 2013, Perelman donated $100 million to theColumbia Business School, the graduate business school ofColumbia University. The gift will be used to support the construction of new facilities inManhattanville, including the Ronald O. Perelman Center for Business Innovation.6869

In May 2015, Perelman succeededSanford I. Weillas Chairman of Carnegie Hall.3

In 2016, Perelman donated $75 million to revive plans to build a performing arts center at theWorld Trade Center site.7071BrooklynnativeBarbra Streisandis serving as Chairwoman of the Ronald O. Perelman Performing Arts Center.7273In September 2016, the design for the Ronald O. Perelman Performing Arts Center were unveiled.74

In 2015, Perelman donated $500,000 each to Super PACs supporting the presidential candidacies ofLindsey GrahamandJeb Bush.75

Since 2010, Perelman has hosted annual benefits for theApollo Theater, raising millions of dollars annually for the legendary venue.76Richard Gere and Carey Lowell, George Stephanopoulos and Ali Wentworth, former Secretary of State Colin Powell, Senator John McCain (R-AZ), Barbra Streisand have attended the events; performers have included Ben E. King, Sting, Bettye Lavette, Jon Bon Jovi, Jamie Foxx and Alicia Keys and more. In 2016, the Apollo in the Hamptons event raised $5 million for the Apollo.,77and featured live music fromThe RootsJoe WalshGwen StefaniandLionel Richie. In 2017, the Apollo in the Hamptons event was attended byJennifer LopezAlex RodriguezChris RockAlicia Keysand more and featured live musical performances byJustin TimberlakePharrell WilliamsJamie Foxxand more, and raised more than $5 million for the Apollo Theaters educational programs for children.7879

In the late 1980s, Perelman was accused of engaging ingreenmail.80Greenmail occurs when someone buys a large block of a companys stock and threatens to take over the company unless he is paid a substantial premium over his purchase price. In the case of someone with a reputation as a corporate raider, the mere act of buying up shares could send a company into a panic and investors into a buying frenzy.81Perelman insists he seriously intended to buy every corporation he bought into.82

He was first accused of greenmail in late 1986 during a run atCPC Internationalwhen he bought 8.2% of CPC at around $75 a share and indirectly sold it back to CPC throughSalomon Brothersa month later at $88.5 a share for a $40 million profit. Both CPC and Perelman denied it was greenmail despite appearances to the contrary, including what looked like an artificial price increase by Salomon shortly before they sold Perelmans shares.83

Another accusation of greenmailing levied against him was the best-known and stemmed from his attempt to purchaseGillettein November 1986. Perelman opened negotiations with a bid of $4.12 billion. Gillette responded with an unsuccessful lawsuit and public insinuations ofinsider trading. Perelman accumulated 13.8% of Gillette before he made what he would later call the worst decision he ever made and sold his stake to Gillette later that month for a $34 million profit. Gillette had put word out thatRalston Purinahad agreed to buy a 20% block of stock, making any attempt by Perelman to buy Gillette much more difficult. Perelman decided to sell his share to Ralston Purina, but before he did so Gillettes executives called him up, asking if hed sell his shares to them and theyd sell the shares to Ralston Purina. He sold his shares to Gillette and Ralston backed out of the deal.84

In April 2001, M&F Worldwide bought Perelmans 83% stake inPanavisionfor $128 million. This would be unremarkable except that Perelman controlled M&F Worldwide and the price paid for his stake was four times market value. At the time, M&F Worldwide was a healthy company with an excellent balance sheet while Panavision was bleeding red ink. M&F Worldwides other shareholders cried foul, alleging the only person who stood to benefit from the deal was Perelman and took their complaints to the courts.85Perelman insisted the deal was an excellent one and in the best interest of the shareholders because Panavision was well-positioned to profit from the move todigital cinematography.86The share price tumbled from six to three after the deal and reflected M&F Worldwide shareholders lack of confidence.87Perelman tried to pacify M&F Worldwides shareholders with a $15 million settlement, but the judge rejected it as grossly inadequate. Ultimately, Perelman agreed to undo the deal.88

Perelman hired Fred Tepperman as hisCFOafter Tepperman leftWarner Communicationsin 1985. Starting with Pantry Pride, Tepperman worked on every single business deal Perelman orchestrated throughout Teppermans seven-year stint at MacAndrews & Forbes. Teppermans tenure came to an abrupt end just after Christmas in 1991 when Perelman fired him for being derelict in his duties. Tepperman had been distracted, he claimed, by caring for hisAlzheimers-afflicted wife of 30 years. A clause in Teppermans contract entitled him to a large portion of his salary and benefits in the event of an injury that prevented him from being able to work; Tepperman claimed he had suffered such an injury, albeit psychologically, as a result of the effect his wifes condition had on him. His demands totaled $30 million. That number stems partially from Teppermans salary, which started at $275,000 and rose to $1.2 million in 199089and partially from his large benefits package.90Perelman was quick to file a countersuit for fraud, claiming that Tepperman had sneakily changed the companys retirement plan in such a way that Tepperman would personally gain millions of dollars.89It took over three years for the case to make it to court. The case ended with a sealed settlement.89

Perelman has been married five times. He married Sterling Bank heiress Faith Golding in 1965 and they divorced in 1984. His marriage to gossip columnistClaudia Cohenlasted from 1985 to 1994. He wed socialitePatricia Duffin 1995 and divorced in 1996. He was married to actressEllen Barkinfrom 2000 to 2006.91On October 13, 2010, Perelman married Dr. Anna Chapman, a Harvard-educated psychiatrist.

Perelman met his first wife, Faith Golding, in 1965 while on a cruise to Israel. As the heir to a fortune made in real estate and banking, Faith Golding controlled a personal fortune of around $100 million at the time of their marriage.92They adopted three children named Steven, Josh, and Hope, and Faith gave birth to a fourth child named Debra. Their marriage lasted until 1984 when Faith discovered Perelman was having an affair with a local florist after a bill for aBulgaribracelet was sent to their home instead of Perelmans office. Faith threatened to scuttle Perelmans attempt to take MacAndrews & Forbes private in 1983 by staking a claim to a third of it due to a bank loan in her name. She further declared that Perelman defrauded the owners of the First Sterling Corporation (i.e. her) by buying thousands of dollars of gifts for the florist with the companys money, and made a very public spectacle of the divorce. Perelman responded by hiringRoy Cohnand flatly denying all of the allegations. The pair quickly settled the divorce with an estimated payout to Faith in excess of $8 million.93

Perelman met his second wife,Claudia Cohen, in 1984 atLe Cirque. They had one daughter together, Samantha, in 1990. In August 1993, Ron filed for divorce.94Claudia left the marriage with well over $80 million.94In 2007, Claudia died after a secret seven-year battle with ovarian cancer. Perelman revealed during his speech at her funeral that hed known about her cancer from the beginning and privately commissioned a vaccine as a part of his efforts to cure her.95In March 2008, Perelman decided to change the name of Logan Hall, located at theUniversity of Pennsylvania, to Cohen Hall, after his late ex-wife.96He donated $20 million to the University to remodel what is now Perelman Quadrangle and as part of his donation, he had the option to change the name of Logan Hall. His decision to rename Logan Hall dismayed some Penn faculty, alumni, and students.97

Patricia Duffwas Perelmans third wife. The pair first met in a Paris hotel lobby when both were still married: Perelman to Cohen, and Duff toMike Medavoy.98After Duff divorced Medavoy, Duff converted toJudaism99and married Perelman, on January 25, 1995. She gave birth to his fourth daughter, Caleigh Sophia, before the wedding took place.100When the marriage between Duff and Perelman disintegrated in 1996, custody over Caleigh became a major issue. Both Perelman and Duff wanted full custody and their prenuptial agreement did not address the subject of child support. Initially private, the divorce proceedings were opened to the public at the request of Duff.101Neither party emerged with their reputations unscathed. The court psychiatrist found Duff to be paranoid and narcissistic and Perelman to have serious anger management issues,102Perelman caught a great deal of flak for testifying that it cost about $3 a day to feed his daughter,103and both sides alleged physical abuse by the other party.104The judges sealed decision means the public will never know the exact results of the case,101but its known that neither party actually won. Perelman is Caleighs legal guardian, but Patricia has extensive visitation rights.105

Perelman met his fourth wife, actressEllen Barkin, at aVanity FairOscarafter-party in 1999.106After slightly more than a year of courtship, the two married in June 2000. All accounts indicate their five-year marriage was a stormy one. Much of the friction arose due to Barkins acting career and her attendant travel schedule. Perelman filed and obtained a divorce in early 2006. The press soundly mocked Perelman for his actions, the speed and timing of which suggested his real motivation was to avoid a clause in hisprenuptialthat would raise the amount in alimony he owed Barkin if he waited a few days longer. Depending on the source used, Barkins yearly alimony ranges from $2 million to $3 million, and the total payout ranged from $20 million to $65 million.107In late 2007, the pair exchanged lawsuits. Part of the divorce settlement required Perelman to invest several million dollars in a film production company Barkin and her brother George (an aspiring screenwriter) had started. Perelman made only one of the payments, claiming that there was no evidence the two were actually producing films. Barkin sued for her money while Perelman counter-sued, alleging Barkin and her brother had looted the film company for themselves.108

Perelman began datingpsychiatristDr. Anna Chapman, in mid-2006.109In August 2010, they announced they were expecting a babyher first, his seventhvia a surrogate.110In October 2010, they were married.111Chapman is aconvertto Judaism.112In late November 2010, the couple celebrated the birth of their son, Oscar.113The couple later had a second child in May 2012.

Judaismhas had a strong influence on Perelmans life. He grew up in aConservativehousehold. The temple he went to growing up was aReconstructionisttemple,114and his father has donated millions to Conservative causes.115He had a religious reawakening at the age of eighteen while on a family trip toIsrael.105I felt not just this enormous pride at being a Jew; I felt this enormous void at not being abetterJew. So I decided then to begin being a better Jew. As soon as I got married, we kept a kosher house, we became much more observant. We moved to New York shortly thereafter and joined an Orthodox synagogue and the kids grew up with much more Judaism surrounding them than I ever did.105Today, he strictly observes theJewish Sabbath, spends three hours every Saturday in prayer,116keeps a kosher home,117and donates millions to Jewish groups and causes, particularly theChabad-Lubavitchsect.116He does not consider himself to be a member of Lubavitch. He supports them because he thinks they are Judaisms best chance for surviving and thriving in modern society.105

Perelman is the owner of Prs Choisis (now called The Creeks), a 40-room Mediterranean-style villa onGeorgica Pondin East Hampton, Long Island. It was built in 1899 by the artists Adele andAlbert Herter.

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World Trade Arts Center Design Barbra